The World

The answer to how many continents and countries make up the world is somewhat disputed and uncertain. However many believe it to be 6 or 7 continents and between 192 & 195 countries.

This is a list of them all as of 2014 as it may change due to political disputes and wars!!

I have listed them in alphabetical order.
The names in italic are capital cities.
The places we have visited are in BOLD and dated.

“Asia”

With 27 countries listed here;

  • Bangladesh (Dhaka(AS)
  • Bhutan (Thimphu(AS)
  • Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan(AS)
  • Cambodia (Phnom Penh(AS)
  • China (Beijing(AS)
  • India (New Delhi(AS)
  • Indonesia (Jakarta(AS)
  • Japan (Tokyo(AS)  
  • Kazakhstan (Astana(AS)
  • North Korea (Pyongyang(AS)
  • South Korea (Seoul(AS)
  • Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek(AS)
  • Laos (Vientiane(AS)
  • Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur) (Putrajaya) (AS)
  • Maldives (Male(AS)
  • Mongolia (Ulan Bator(AS)
  • Myanmar/Burma (Nay Pyi Taw(AS)
  • Nepal (Kathmandu(AS)
  • Philippines (Manila(AS)
  • Singapore (Singapore City(AS)
  • Sri Lanka (Colombo) (Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte) (AS)
  • Taiwan (Taipei) Though may not be correct
  • Tajikistan (Dushanbe(AS)
  • Thailand (Bangkok(AS)
  • Turkmenistan (Ashgabat(AS)
  • Uzbekistan (Tashkent(AS)
  • Vietnam (Hanoi(AS)

“Middle East, North Africa, and Arabia”

With 23 countries listed here;

  • Afghanistan (Kabul(AS)
  • Algeria (Algiers(AF)
  • Azerbaijan (Baku(AS)
  • Bahrain (Manama(AS)
  • Egypt (Cairo(AF)
  • Iran (Tehran(AS)
  • Iraq (Baghdad(AS)
  • Israel (Jerusalem(AS)
  • Jordan (Amman(AS)
  • Kuwait (Kuwait City(AS)
  • Lebanon (Beirut(AS)
  • Libya (Tripoli(AF)
  • Morocco (Rabat(AF) (including Western Sahara)
  • Oman (Muscat(AS)
  • Pakistan (Islamabad(AS)
  • Qatar (Doha(AS)
  • Saudi Arabia (Riyadh(AS)
  • Somalia (Mogadishu(AF)
  • Syria (Damascus(AS)
  • Tunisia (Tunis(AF)
  • Turkey (Ankara(AS) & (EU)
  • United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi(AS)
  • Yemen (Sana(AS)

“Europe”

With 48 countries listed here;

  • Albania (Tirane(EU)
  • Andorra (Andorra la Vella(EU)
  • Armenia (Yerevan(EU)
  • Austria (Vienna(EU)
  • Belarus (Minsk(EU)
  • Belgium (Brussels(EU)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo(EU)
  • Bulgaria (Sofia(EU)
  • Croatia (Zagreb(EU)
  • Cyprus (Nicosia(AS) and/or (EU)
  • Czech Republic (Prague(EU)
  • Denmark (Copenhagen(EU)
  • Estonia (Tallinn(EU)
  • Finland (Helsinki(EU)
  • France (Paris(EU)
  • Georgia (Tbilisi) (Kutaisi ) (EU)
  • Germany (Berlin(EU)
  • Greece (Athens(EU)
  • Hungary (Budapest(EU)
  • Iceland (Reykjavik(EU)
  • Ireland (Dublin(EU)
  • Italy (Rome(EU)
  • Kosovo (Pristina) Though may not be correct
  • Latvia (Riga(EU)
  • Liechtenstein (Vaduz(EU)
  • Lithuania (Vilnius(EU)
  • Luxembourg (Luxembourg(EU)
  • Macedonia (Skopje(EU)
  • Malta (Valletta(EU)
  • Moldova (Chisinau(EU)
  • Monaco (Monaco(EU)
  • Montenegro (Podgorica) (Cetinje) (EU)
  • Netherlands (Amsterdam, The Hague(EU)
  • Norway (Oslo(EU)
  • Poland (Warsaw(EU)
  • Portugal (Lisbon(EU)
  • Romania (Bucharest(EU)
  • Russia (Moscow(AS)
  • San Marino (San Marino(EU)
  • Serbia (Belgrade(EU)
  • Slovakia (Bratislava(EU)
  • Slovenia (Ljubljana(EU)
  • Spain (Madrid(EU)
  • Sweden (Stockholm(EU)
  • Switzerland (Bern(EU)
  • Ukraine (Kiev(EU)
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (London(EU)
  • Vatican City (na(EU)

“North America”

With 4 countries listed here;

  • Canada (Ottawa(NA)
  • Greenland (Nuuk) Though may not be correct (still not an independent country) – Self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark
  • Mexico (Mexico City(NA)
  • United States of America (Washington D.C.(NA)

“Central America and the Caribbean”

With 20 countries listed here;

  • Antigua and Barbuda (St. John’s(NA)
  • The Bahamas (Nassau(NA)
  • Barbados (Bridgetown(NA)
  • Belize (Belmopan(NA)
  • Costa Rica (San Jose(NA)
  • Cuba (Havana(NA)
  • Dominica (Roseau(NA)
  • Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo(NA)
  • El Salvador (San Salvador(NA)
  • Grenada (St. George’s(NA)
  • Guatemala (Guatemala City(NA)
  • Haiti (Port-au-Prince(NA)
  • Honduras (Tegucigalpa(NA)
  • Jamaica (Kingston(NA)
  • Nicaragua (Managua(NA)
  • Panama (Panama City(NA)
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis (Basseterre(NA)
  • Saint Lucia (Castries(NA)
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (Kingstown(NA)
  • Trinidad and Tobago (Port-of-Spain(NA)

“South America”

With 12 countries listed here;

  • Argentina (Buenos Aires(SA)
  • Bolivia (Sucre(SA)
  • Brazil (Brasilia(SA)
  • Chile (Santiago) (Valparaiso) (SA)  Arica 12/2014Valparaiso 12/2014, Vina del Mar 12/2014, Santiago 1/2015, 
  • Colombia (Bogota(SA)  Medellin 8/2014, Cartagena 12/2014
  • Ecuador (Quito(SA)
  • Guyana (Georgetown(SA)
  • Paraguay (Asuncion(SA)
  • Peru (Lima(SA)  Salavery(Trujilo 12/2014, Lima 12/2014
  • Suriname (Paramaribo(SA)
  • Uruguay (Montevideo(SA)
  • Venezuela (Caracas(SA)

“Africa”

With 48 countries listed here;

  • Angola (Luanda(AF) 
  • Benin (Porto-Novo) (Cotonou) (AF)
  • Botswana (Gaborone(AF)
  • Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou(AF)
  • Burundi (Bujumbura(AF)
  • Cameroon (Yaounde(AF)
  • Cape Verde (Praia(EU – Portugal)
  • Central African Republic (Bangui(AF)
  • Chad (N’Djamena(AF)
  • Comoros (Moroni(AF)
  • Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville(AF)
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa(AF)
  • Cote d’Ivoire (Yamoussoukro) or (Abidjan(AF)
  • Djibouti (Djibouti(AF)
  • Equatorial Guinea (Malabo(AF)
  • Eritrea (Asmara(AF)
  • Ethiopia (Addis Ababa(AF)
  • Gabon (Libreville(AF)
  • Gambia (Banjul(AF)
  • Ghana (Accra(AF)
  • Guinea (Conakry(AF)
  • Guinea-Bissau (Bissau(AF)
  • Kenya (Nairobi(AF)
  • Lesotho (Maseru(AF)
  • Liberia (Monrovia(AF)
  • Madagascar (Antananarivo(AF)
  • Malawi (Lilongwe(AF)
  • Mali (Bamako(AF)
  • Mauritania (Nouakchott(AF)
  • Mauritius (Port Louis(AF)
  • Mozambique (Maputo(AF)
  • Namibia (Windhoek(AF)
  • Niger (Niamey(AF)
  • Nigeria (Abuja(AF)
  • Rwanda (Kigali(AF)
  • Sao Tome and Principe (Sao Tome(AF)
  • Senegal (Dakar(AF)
  • Seychelles (Victoria(AF)
  • Sierra Leone (Freetown(AF)
  • South Africa (Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein)(AF)
  • South Sudan (Juba(AF)
  • Sudan (Khartoum(AF)
  • Swaziland (Mbabane) (Lobamba) (AF)
  • Tanzania (Dodoma(AF)
  • Togo (Lome(AF)
  • Uganda (Kampala(AF)
  • Zambia (Lusaka(AF)
  • Zimbabwe (Harare(AF)

“Australia and Oceania”

With 15 countries listed here;

  • Australia (Canberra(AU)
  • East Timor (Dili(AS)
  • Fiji (Suva(AU – Oceania)
  • Kiribati (South Tarawa(AU – Oceania)
  • Marshall Islands (Majuro(AU – Oceania)
  • Federated States of Micronesia (Palikir(AU – Oceania)
  • Nauru (no official capital) (Yaren) (AU – Oceania)
  • New Zealand (Wellington(AU)
  • Palau (Koror(AU – Oceania)
  • Papua New Guinea (Port Moresby(AU)
  • Samoa (Apia(AU – Oceania)
  • Solomon Islands (Honiara(AU – Oceania)
  • Tonga (Nuku’alofa(AU – Oceania)
  • Tuvalu (Funafuti(AU – Oceania)
  • Vanuatu (Port-Vila(AU – Oceania)

Some places that you may think to be countries (like I did) are probably listed below.

They may well become a country.

This list is taken from Wikipedia;

Cocos (Keeling) Islands (West Island) – External territory of Australia

Curaçao (Willemstad) – Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Anguilla (The Valley) – British Overseas Territory

South Ossetia (Tskhinvali)

Faroe Islands (Tórshavn) – Self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark

Transnistria (Tiraspol) – De facto independent state, not recognized by any UN-member, but by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.

Abkhazia (Sukhumi) – De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Republic of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (Stepanakert) – The self-declared country remains diplomatically unrecognised by UN-member states, including Armenia. Transnistria, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia, all UN non-member states, recognise the state. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.

Falkland Islands (Stanley) is a British Overseas Territory

Saint Pierre and Miquelon (St. Pierre) – Overseas collectivity of France

Guernsey (St. Peter Port) – British Crown Dependency

Jersey (St. Helier) – British Crown Dependency

Puerto Rico (San Juan) – Territory of the United States

Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan) – Territory of the United States

British Virgin Islands (Road Town) – British Crown Dependency

Montserrat (Plymouth Brades Estate) – British Overseas Territory

Sint Maarten (Philipsburg) – Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Saint Martin (Marigot) – Overseas collectivity of France

French Polynesia (Papeete) – Overseas collectivity of France

American Samoa (Pago Pago) – Territory of the United States

Aruba (Oranjestad) – Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands

New Caledonia (Nouméa) – Sui generis collectivity of France

Burma (Naypyidaw) Comoros (Moroni)

Wallis and Futuna (Mata-Utu) – Overseas collectivity of France

Norfolk Island (Kingston) – External territory of Australia

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (King Edward Point) – British Overseas Territory

State of Palestine (East JerusalemRamallahGaza) –

Saint Helena (Jamestown) – Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena,

Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Somaliland (Hargeisa) – De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.

Easter Island (Hanga Roa) – Special territory of Chile

Bermuda (Hamilton) – British Overseas Territory

Guam (Hagåtña) – Territory of the United States

Saint Barthélemy (Gustavia) – Overseas collectivity of France

Gibraltar (Gibraltar) – British Overseas Territory

Ascension Island (Georgetown) – Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Cayman Islands (George Town) – British Overseas Territory

Christmas Island (Flying Fish Cove) – External territory of Australia

Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Episkopi Cantonment) – British Overseas Territory

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (El Aaiún) –

Tristan da Cunha (Edinburgh of the Seven Seas) – Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Isle of Man (Douglas) – British Crown Dependency

Turks and Caicos Islands (Cockburn Town) – British Overseas Territory

United States Virgin Islands (Charlotte Amalie) – Territory of the United States

French Guiana (Cayenne) – Overseas department of France

Cook Islands (Avarua) – Self-governing in free association with New Zealand

Niue (Alofi) – Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.

Pitcairn Islands (Adamstown) – British Overseas Territory

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